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Dacoity

Dacoity is defined in section 391 of the Indian Penal Code 1860; When five or more persons conjointly commit or attempt to commit a robbery or where the whole number of persons conjointly committing or attempting to commit a robbery and persons present and aiding such commission or attempt amounts to five or more, every […]

General Defences

The general rule of criminal law is that it is the duty of the prosecution to prove the guilt of the accused beyond reasonable doubt and the benefit of doubt is given to the accused. But the burden of proving existence of circumstances bringing his case within any of the exceptions given under Indian Penal […]

Attendance in Criminal Cases

Is attendance of an accused mandatory in a criminal case? A very vital aspect in every criminal case is that; All the proceedings are supposed to be conducted in presence of the accused. This fundamental principle, on one hand, assures accused of a reasonable trial, but on the other, bounds him down to be personally […]