Chapter I|Chapter II|Chapter III|Chapter IV|Chapter V|Chapter VI|Chapter VIA|Chapter VII|Chapter VIII|Chapter IX|Chapter X|Chapter X-A|Chapter XI – Chapter XII|Chapter XII-A|Chapter XII-B|Chapter XII-BA|Chapter XII-BB|Chapter XII-BC|Chapter XII-C|Chapter XII-D|Chapter XII-DA|Chapter XII-E|Chapter XII-EA|Chapter XII-EB|Chapter XII-F|Chapter XII-FA|Chapter XII-FB|Chapter XII-G|Chapter XII-H|Chapter XIII|Chapter XIV|Chapter XIV-A|Chapter XIV-B|Chapter XV|Chapter XVI|Chapter XVII|Chapter XVIII|Chapter XIX|Chapter XIX-A|Chapter XIX-B|Chapter XX|Chapter XX-A|Chapter XX-B|Chapter XX-C|Chapter XXI|Chapter XXII|Chapter XXIIB|Chapter – XXIII
SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN INCOMES OF NON-RESIDENTS
In this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires,—
(a)”convertible foreign exchange” means foreign exchange which is for the time being treated by the Reserve Bank of India as convertible foreign exchange for the purposes of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (42 of 1999), and any rules made thereunder;
(b)”foreign exchange asset” means any specified asset which the assessee has acquired or purchased with, or subscribed to in, convertible foreign exchange;
(c)”investment income” means any income derived other than dividends referred to in section 115-O from a foreign exchange asset;
(d)”long-term capital gains” means income chargeable under the head “Capital gains” relating to a capital asset, being a foreign exchange asset which is not a short-term capital asset;
(e)”non-resident Indian” means an individual, being a citizen of India or a person of Indian origin who is not a “resident”.
Explanation.—A person shall be deemed to be of Indian origin if he, or either of his parents or any of his grand-parents, was born in undivided India;
(f)”specified asset” means any of the following assets, namely :—
(i)shares in an Indian company;
(ii)debentures issued by an Indian company which is not a private company45 as defined in the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956);
(iii)deposits with an Indian company which is not a private company45 as defined in the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956);
(iv)any security of the Central Government as defined in clause (2) of section 2 of the Public Debt Act, 1944 (18 of 1944);
(v)such other assets as the Central Government may specify in this behalf by notification in the Official Gazette.
115D. Special provision for computation of total income of non-residents.
(1) No deduction in respect of any expenditure or allowance shall be allowed under any provision of this Act in computing the investment income of a non-resident Indian.
(2) Where in the case of an assessee, being a non-resident Indian,—
(a)the gross total income consists only of investment income or income by way of long-term capital gains or both, no deduction shall be allowed to the assessee under Chapter VI-A and nothing contained in the provisions of the second proviso to section 48 shall apply to income chargeable under the head “Capital gains”;
(b)the gross total income includes any income referred to in clause (a), the gross total income shall be reduced by the amount of such income and the deductions under Chapter VI-A shall be allowed as if the gross total income as so reduced were the gross total income of the assessee.
115E. Tax on investment income and long-term capital gains.
Where the total income of an assessee, being a non-resident Indian, includes—
(a)any income from investment or income from long-term capital gains of an asset other than a specified asset;
(b)income by way of long-term capital gains,
the tax payable by him shall be the aggregate of—
(i)the amount of income-tax calculated on the income in respect of investment income referred to in clause (a), if any, included in the total income, at the rate of twenty per cent;
(ii)the amount of income-tax calculated on the income by way of long-term capital gains referred to in clause (b), if any, included in the total income, at the rate of ten per cent; and
(iii) the amount of income-tax with which he would have been chargeable had his total income been reduced by the amount of income referred to in clauses (a) and (b).
115F. Capital gains on transfer of foreign exchange assets not to be charged in certain cases.
(1) Where, in the case of an assessee being a non-resident Indian, any long-term capital gains arise from the transfer of a foreign exchange asset (the asset so transferred being hereafter in this section referred to as the original asset), and the assessee has, within a period of six months after the date of such transfer, invested the whole or any part of the net consideration in any specified asset, or in any savings certificates referred to in clause (4B) of section 10 (such specified asset, or such savings certificates being hereafter in this section referred to as the new asset), the capital gain shall be dealt with in accordance with the following provisions of this section, that is to say,—
(a) if the cost of the new asset is not less than the net consideration in respect of the original asset, the whole of such capital gain shall not be charged under section 45;
(b) if the cost of the new asset is less than the net consideration in respect of the original asset, so much of the capital gain as bears to the whole of the capital gain the same proportion as the cost of acquisition of the new asset bears to the net consideration shall not be charged under section 45.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-section,—
(i) “cost”, in relation to any new asset, being a deposit referred to in sub-clause (iii), or specified under sub-clause (v), of clause (f) of section 115C, means the amount of such deposit;
(ii) “net consideration”, in relation to the transfer of the original asset, means the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of such asset as reduced by any expenditure incurred wholly and exclusively in connection with such transfer.
(2) Where the new asset is transferred or converted (otherwise than by transfer) into money, within a period of three years from the date of its acquisition, the amount of capital gain arising from the transfer of the original asset not charged under section 45 on the basis of the cost of such new asset as provided in clause (a) or, as the case may be, clause (b), of sub-section (1) shall be deemed to be income chargeable under the head “Capital gains” relating to capital assets other than short-term capital assets of the previous year in which the new asset is transferred or converted (otherwise than by transfer) into money.
115G. Return of income not to be filed in certain cases.
It shall not be necessary for a non-resident Indian to furnish under sub-section (1) of section 139 a return of his income if—
(a) his total income in respect of which he is assessable under this Act during the previous year consisted only of investment income or income by way of long-term capital gains or both; and
(b) the tax deductible at source under the provisions of Chapter XVII-B has been deducted from such income.
115H. Benefit under Chapter to be available in certain cases even after the assessee becomes resident.
Where a person, who is a non-resident Indian in any previous year, becomes assessable as resident in India in respect of the total income of any subsequent year, he may furnish to the Assessing Officer a declaration in writing along with his return of income46 under section 139 for the assessment year for which he is so assessable, to the effect that the provisions of this Chapter shall continue to apply to him in relation to the investment income derived from any foreign exchange asset being an asset of the nature referred to in sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iii) or sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) of clause (f) of section 115C; and if he does so, the provisions of this Chapter shall continue to apply to him in relation to such income for that assessment year and for every subsequent assessment year until the transfer or conversion (otherwise than by transfer) into money of such assets.
115-I. Chapter not to apply if the assessee so chooses.
A non-resident Indian may elect not to be governed by the provisions of this Chapter for any assessment year by furnishing his return of income for that assessment year under section 139 declaring therein that the provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to him for that assessment year and if he does so, the provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to him for that assessment year and his total income for that assessment year shall be computed and tax on such total income shall be charged in accordance with the other provisions of this Act.