Bare Acts


ACT NO. 16 OF 19481

[29thMarch, 1948.]

An Act to regulate the profession of dentistry.
WHEREAS it is expedient to make provision for the regulation of the profession of dentistry and for that purpose to constitute Dental Councils:

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTORY

SECTION 01: SHORT TITLE AND EXTENT
(1) This Act may be called the Dentists Act, 1948.
(2) It extends to 2the whole of India3[******].

SECTION 02: INTERPRETATION
– In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or contest, –
(a) “the Council” means the Dental Council of India constituted under section 3;
(b) “dental hygienist” means a person not being a dentist or a medical practitioner, who scales, cleans or polishes teeth, or gives instructions in dental hygiene;
OBJECTS AND REASONS Section 2 (b)- “The expression “simple extraction” is rather vague. Therefore, carrying out of simple extraction has been excluded from the functions of the dental hygienist.”-S.C.R.
(c) “dental mechanic” means a person who makes or repairs denture and dental appliances;
(d) “dentistry” includes –
(i) the performance of any operation on, and the treatment on any discase, deficiency or lesion of, human teeth or jaws, and the performance of radiographic work in connection with human teeth or jaws or the oral cavity.
(ii) the giving of any anaethetic in connection with any such operation or treatment;
(iii) the mechanical construction or the renewal of artificial dentures or restorative dental appliances;
(iv) the performance of any operation on, or the giving of any treatment, advice or attendance to, any person preparatory to, or for the purpose of, or in connection with, the filling, inserting, fixing, constructing, repairing or renewing of artificial dentures or restorative dental appliances, and the performance of any such opera- tion and the giving of any such treatment, advice or attendance, as is usually performed or given by dentists;
(e) “dentist” means a person who practises dentistry:
(f) “medical practitioner” means a person who holds a qualification granted by an authority specified or notified undersection 3 of the Indian Medical Degrees Act, 1916-, or specified in the Schedules to the5[Indian Medical Council Act, 1956],4[or specified in any other law for the time being in force in any State,] or who practises any system of medicine and is registered or is entitled to be registered in any6[State] Medical Register by whatever name called;
OBJECTS AND REASONS Section 2 (f) – “The definition of the words “medical practitioner” has been amplified to cover all medical practitioners registered or entitled to be registered.”- S.C.R.
(g) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules or regulations made under this Act;
(h) “State Council” means a State Dental Council constituted undersection 21, and includes a joint State Council constituted in accordance with an agreement undersection 22;
(i) “register” means a register maintained under this Act;
7(j) “recognised dental qualification” means any of the qualifications included in the Schedule;]
(k) “recognised dental hygiene qualification” means a qualification recognised by the Council undersection 11-:
(l) “registered dentist”, “registered dental hygienist” and “registered dental mechanic” shall mean, respectively, a person whose name is for the time being registered in a register of dentists, a register of dental hygienists and a register of dental mechanics.
8[(m) * * *]

SECTION 2A: CONSTRUCTION OF REFERENCES TO LAWS NOT IN FORCE IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR
– Any reference in this Act to a law which is not in force in the State of Jammu and Kashmir shall, in relation to that State, be construed as a reference to the corresponding law, if any, in force in that State.]

CHAPTER II
DENTAL COUNCILOF INDIA

SECTION 03: CONSTITUTION AND COMPOSITION OF COUNCIL
– The Central Government shall, as soon as may be, constitute a Council consisting of the following members, namely: –
(a) one registered dentist possessing a recognised denial qualification elected by the dentists – registered in Part A of each10[State] register;
(b) one member elected from amongst themselves by the members of the Medical Council of India;
11[(c) not more than four members elected from among themselves, by –
(a) Principals, Deans, Directors and Vice-Principals of dental colleges in the States training students for recognised dental qualifications : Provided that not more than one member shall be elected from the same dental college;
(b) Heads of dental wings of medical colleges in the States training students for recognised dental qualifications:]
(d) one member from each University established by law in the States which grants a recognized dental qualification, to be elected by the members of the Senate of the University, or in case the University has no Senate, by the members of the Court, from amongst the members of the Dental Faculty of the University or in case the University has no Dental Faculty, from amongst the members of the Medical Faculty thereof;
(e) one member to represent12[each State13[ * * * * * * * * * * * * * *] nominated by the Government of each such State from among persons registered either in a medical register or a dental register of the State;]14[Explanation: – In this clause, “State” does not include a Union territory;]
(f) six members nominated by the Central Government, of whom at least one shall be a registered dentist possessing a recognised dental qualification and practising or holding an appointment in an institution for the training of dentists in a15[Union territory] and at least two shall be dentists registered in Part B of a10[State] Register;
16[(g) the Director General of Health Services, ex officio :] Provided that pending the preparation of registers the10[State] Governments may nominate to the First Council members referred to in parts (a) and (e) and the Central Government members referred to in part (f) out of persons who are eligible for registration in the respective registers and such persons shall hold office for such period as the10[State] or Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify.

SECTION 04: INCORPORATION OF COUNCIL
– The Council shall be a body corporate by the name of the Dental Council of India; having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power to acquire and hold property, both movable and immovable, and shall by the said name sue and be sued.

SECTION 05: MODE OF ELECTIONS
– Elections under this Chapter shall be conducted in the prescribed manner, and where any dispute arises regarding any such election, it shall be referred to the Central Government whose decision shall be final.

SECTION 06: TERM OF OFFICE AND CASUAL VACANCIES
(1) Subject to the provisions of this section an elected or nominated member shall hold office for a term of five years from the date of his election or nomination or until his successor has been duly elected or nominated, whichever is longer.17[Provided that a member nominated under clause (e) or clause (f) ofsection 3-, shall hold office during the pleasure of the authority nominating him.]
(2) An elected or nominated member may at any time resign his membership by writing under his hand addressed to the President, and the seat of such member shall thereupon become vacant.
(3) An elected or nominated member shall be deemed to have vacated his seat if he is absent without excuse, sufficient in the opinion of the Council, from three consecutive ordinary meetings of the Council or in the case of a member whose name is required to be included in18[State] register, if his name is removed from such register, or if he has been elected under cl. (c) ofsection 3-20[if he ceases to hold his appointment as the19[Principal, Dean, Director or Vice-Prin- cipal] of a dental college, or as18[the Head of the dental Wing] of a medical college], or if he has been elected under clause (b) or(d) ofsection 3-, if he ceases to be a member of the Medical Council of India or21[the Dental or Medical Faculty] of the University, as the case may be.
(4) A casual vacancy in the Council shall be filled by fresh election or nominalion, as the case may be, and the person elected or nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office only for the remainder of the term for which the member whose place he takes was elected or nominated.
(5) Members of the Council shall be eligible for re-election or re-nomination.
(6) No act done by the Council shall be called in question on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of, the Council.

SECTION 07: PRESIDENT AND VICE VICE–PRESIDENT OF COUNCIL
(1) The President and Vice-President of the Council shall be elected by the members thereof from among themselves: Provided that on the first constitution of the Council and until the President is elected, a member of the Council nominated by the Central Government in this behalf shall discharge the functions of the President: Provided further that for five years from the first constitution of the Council, the President shall, if the Central Government so decides, be a person nominated by the Central Government who shall hold office during the pleasure of the Central Government, and where he is not already a member, shall be a member of the Council in addition to the members referred to insection 3-.
(2) An elected President or Vice-President shall hold office as such for a term not exceeding five years and not extending beyond the expiry of his term as member of the Council, but subject to his being a member of the Council, he shall be eligible for re-election.

SECTION 08: STAFF, REMUNERATION AND ALLOWANCES
(1) The Council shall-
(a) appoint a Secretary who may also, if so decided by the Council act as Treasurer;
(b) appoint such other officers and servants as the Council deems necessary lo enable it to carry out its functions under this Act:
(c) require and take from the Secretary or from any other officer or servant such security for the due performance of his duties as the Council considers necessary: and
(d) with the previous sanction of the Central Government, fix the fees and allowances of the President, Vice- President and other members of the Council, and the pay and allowances and other conditions of service of officers and servants of the Council.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (a) of sub- section (1), for the first four years from the first constitution of the Council, the Secretary of the Council shall be a person appointed by the Central Government, who shall hold office during the pleasure of the Central Government.

SECTION 09: THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
(1) The Council shall constitute from among its members an Executive Committee, and may so constitute other Committees for such general or special purposes as the Council considers necessary for carrying out its functions under this Act.
(2) The Executive Committee shall consist of the President and Vice-President ex officio22[and the Director-General of Health Services ex officio,] and five other members selected by the Council.
(3) The President and Vice-President of the Council shall be Chairman and Vice-Chairman respectively, of the Executive Committee.
(4) A member of the Executive Committee shall hold office as such until the expiry of his term of office as member of the Council but, subject to his being a member of the Council, he shall be eligible for re-election.
(5) In addition to the powers and duties conferred and imposed on it by this Act, the Executive Committee shall exercise and discharge such powers and duties as may be prescribed.

SECTION 10: RECOGNITION OF DENTAL QUALIFICATIONS
(1) The dental qualifications, granted by any authority or institution in India, which are included in Part I of the Schedule shall be recognised dental qualifications for the purposes of this Act.
(2) Any authority or institution in India which grants a dental qualification not included in Part I of the Schedule may apply to the Central Government to have such qualification recognised and included in that Part, and the Central Government, after consulting the Council, and after such inquiry, if any, as it may think fit for the purpose, may, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend Part I of the Schedule so as to include such qualification therein, and any such notification may also direct that an entry shall be made in Part I of the Schedule against such dental qualification declaring that it shall be a recognised dental qualification only when granted after a specified date.
(3) (a) The dental qualifications, granted by any authority or institution outside India, which are included in Part II of the Schedule shall be recognised dental qualifications only for the purposes of the registration of citizens of India when the register is first prepared under this Act.
(b) Where any dental qualification granted by any authority or institution outside India, and held by a citizen of India, is recognised for the purposes of the register when it is first prepared, after the commencement of the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1972, the Central Government may, after consultation with the Council, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend Part II of the Schedule so as to include therein the dental qualification so recognised.
(4) (a) The dental qualifications granted by any authority or institution outside India, which are included in Part III of the Schedule, shall be recognised dental qualifications for the purposes of this Act, but no person possessing any such qualification, shall be entitled for registration unless he is a citizen of India.
(b) Where any dental qualification granted by any authority or institution outside India, and held by a citizen of India, is recognised, except on reciprocal basis, after the commencement of the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1972, the Central Government may, after consultation with the Council, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend Part III of lhe Schedule so as to include therein the dental qualification so recognised.
(5) The Council may enter into negotiations with any authority or inslilulion in any State or country outside India which, by law of any such State or country, is entrusted with the
maintenance of a register of dentists, for the setting of a scheme of reciprocity for the
recognition of dental qualifications and in pursuance of any such scheme, the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette declare that any such qualification granted by any authority or institution in any such State or country, or such qualification, only when granted afler a specified date, shall be a recognised dental qualification for the purposes of this Act, and any such notification may provide for an amendment of the Schedule and may also direct that any such dental qualification as is specified in the notification shall be entered in the Schedule as so amended.
(6) The Central Government may, after consultation with the Council, by notification in Official Gazette, amend the Schedule by directing that an entry be made therein in respect of any dental qualification declaring that it shall be a recognised dental qualification only when granted before a specified dale.]

SECTION 10A: PERMISSION FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF NEW DENTAL COLLEGE, NEW COURSES OF STUDY ETC
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or any other law for the time being in force, –
(a) no person shall establish an authority or institution for a course of study or training (including a postgraduate course of study or training) which would enable a student of such course or training to qualify himself for the grant of recognised dental qualification; or
(b) no authority or institution conducting a course of study or training (including a post- graduate course of study or training) for grant of recognised dental qualification shall-
(i) open a newer higher course of study or training (including a post -graduate course of study or training) which would enable a student of such course or training to qualify himself for the award of any recognised dental qualification; or
(ii) increase its admission capacity in any course of study or training (including a post -graduate course of study or training). except with the previous permission of the Central Government obtained in accordance with the provisions of this section.
Explanation 1 – For the purposes of this section, “person” includes any University or a trust but docs not include the Central Government.
Explanation 2 – For the purposes of this section, “admission capacity”, in relation to any course of study or training (including a post-graduate course of study or training)in an authority or institution granting recognized denial qualification, means the maximum number of students that may be fixed by the Council from time to time for being admitted to such course or training.
(2) (a) Every person, authority or institution granting recognised dental qualification shall, for the purpose of obtaining permission under sub -section (1), submit to the Central Government a scheme in accordance with the provisions of clause (b) and the Central Government shall refer the said scheme to the Council for its recommendations.
(b) The scheme referred lo in clause (a) shall be in such form and contain such particulars and be preferred in such manner and be accompanied with such fee as may be prescribed.
(3) On receipt of a scheme by the Council under sub-section (2), the Council may obtain such other particulars as may be considered necessary by it from the person, authority or institution concerned, granting recognised dental qualification and thereafter, it may.-
(a) if the scheme is defective and does not contain any necessary particulars, give a reasonable opportunity to the person, authority or institution concerned for making a written representation and it shall be open to such person, authority or institution to rectify the defects, if any, specified by the Council;
(b) consider the scheme, having regard to the factors referred to in sub-section (7), and submit the scheme together with its recommendations thereon to the Central Government,
(4) The Central Government may, after considering the scheme and the recommendations of the Council under sub – section (3) and after obtaining, where necessary, such other particulars as may be considered necessary by it from the person, authority or institution concerned, and having regard to the factors referred to in sub -section (7), either approve (with such conditions, if any, as it may consider necessary) or disapprove the scheme and any such approval shall be permission under sub -section (1) : Provided that no scheme shall be disapproved by the Central Government except after giving the person, authority or institution concerned granting recognised dental qualification a reasonable opportunity of being heard : Provided further that nothing in this sub-section shall prevent any person, authority or institution whose scheme has not been approved to submit a fresh scheme and the provisions of this section shall apply lo such scheme, as if such scheme has been submilted for the first time under sub-section (2).
(5) Where within a period of one year from the date of submission of the scheme to the Central Government under sub -section (2), no order passed by the Central Government has been communicated to the person, authority or institution submitting the scheme, such scheme shall be deemed to have been approved by the Central Government in the form in which it had been submitted, and accordingly, the permission of the Central Government required under sub -section (1) shall also be deemed to have been granted.
(6) In computing the time-limit specified in sub-section (5), the time taken by the person, authority or institution concerned submitting the scheme in furnishing any particulars called for by the Council or by the Central Government, shall be excluded.
(7) The Council, while making its recommendations under clause (b) of sub-section (3) and the Central Government, while passing an order either approving or disapproving the scheme under sub-section (4), shall have due regard to the following factors, namely: –
(a) whether the proposed authority or institution for grant of recognised dental qualification or the existing authority or institution seeking to open a new or higher course of study or training, would be in a position to offer the minimum standards of dental education in conformity with the requirements referred to insection 16A-and the regulations made under sub-section (1) ofsection 20 -;
(b) whether the person seeking to establish an authority or institution or the existing authority or institution seeking to open a new or higher course of study or training or to increase its admission capacity has adequate resources;
(c) whether necessary facilities in respect of staff, equipment, accommodation, training and other facilities to ensure proper functioning of the authority or institution or conducting the new course of study or training or accommodating the increased admission capacity have been provided or would be provided within the timelimit specified in the scheme;
(d) whether adequate hospital facilities, having regard to the number of students likely to attend such authority or institution or course of study or training or as a result of the increased admission capacity have been provided or would be provided within the time-limit specified in the scheme;
(e) whether any arrangement has been made or programme drawn to impart proper training to students likely to attend such authority or institution or course of sludy or training by persons having the recognised dental qualifications;
(f) the requirement of manpower in the field of practice of dentistry : and
(g) any other factors as may be prescribed.
(8) Where the Central Government passes an order either approving or disapproving a scheme under this section, a copy of the order shall be communicated to the person, authority or institution concerned.

SECTION 10B: NON-RECOGNITION OF DENTAL QUALIFICATIONS IN CERTAIN CASES
(1) Where any authority or institution is established for grant recognised dental qualification except with the previous permission of the Central Government in accordance with the provisions ofsection 10A-, no dental qualification granted to any student of such authority or institution shall be a recognised dental qualification for the purposes of this Act.
(2) Where any authority or institution granting recognised dental qualification opens a new or higher course of study or training (including a post-graduate course of study or training) except with the previous permission of the Central Government in accordance with the provisions ofsection 10A-, no dental qualification granted to any student of such authority or institution on the basis of such study or training shall be a recognised dental qualification for the purposes of this Act.
(3) Where any authority or institution granting recognised dental qualification increases its admission capacity in any course of study or training (including a post-graduate course of study or training) except with the previous permission of the Central Government in accordance with the provisions ofsection 10A-, no dental qualification granted to any student of such authority or institution on the basis of the increase in its admission capacity shall be a recognised dental qualification for the purposes of this Act.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this section, the criteria for identifying a student who has been granted a denial qualificalion on the basis of such increase in the admission capacity shall be such as may be prescribed.

SECTION 10C: TIME TOR SEEKING PERMISSION FOR CERTAIN EXISTING AUTHORITIES
(1) If. after the 1st day of June, 1992 and on and before the commencement of the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1993 any person has established an authority or institution for grant of recognised dental qualification or any authority or institution granting recognised dental qualification has opened a new or higher course of study or training (including a post-graduate course of study or training) or increased its admission capacity, such person, authority or institution, as the case may be, shall seek, within a period of one year from the commencement of the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1993, the permission of the Central Government in accordance with the provisions ofsection 10A-.
(2) If any person or, as the case may be, any authority or institution granting recognised dental qualification fails to seek the permission under sub-section (1), the provisions ofsection 10B-shall apply so far as may be, as if permission of the Central Government undersection 10A-has been refused.]

SECTION 11: QUALIFICATIONS OF DENTAL HYGIENISTS
– Any authority in a25[State]26[**] which grants a qualification for dental hygienists may apply to the Council to have such qualification, recog- nised,27and the Council may, after such inquiry, if any, as it thinks fit, and after consulting the Government and the28[State] Council of the25[State] in which the authority making the application is situated, declare that such qualification, or such qualification only when granted after a specified date, shall be a recognised dental hygiene qualification for the purposes of this Act.

SECTION 12: QUALIFICATIONS OF DENTAL MECHANICS
– The Council may prescribe the period and nature of an apprenticeship or training which shall be undergone and the other conditions which shall be satisfied by a person before he is entitled to be registered under this Act as a dental mechanic.

SECTION 13: EFFECT OF RECOGNITION
– Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, but subject to the provisions of this Act, –
(a) any recognised dental or dental hygiene qualification shall be a sufficient qualification for enrolment in the appropriate register of any29 [State];
(b) no person shall, after the first registers arc compiled under this Act, be entitled to be enrolled in any register as a dentist or dental hygienist unless he holds a recognised dental or dental hygiene qualification or as a dental mechanic unless he has undergone training which satisfies the prescribed requirements referred to inSection 12-.

SECTION 14: POWER TO REQUIRE INFORMATION AS TO COURSES OF STUDY AND TRAINING AND EXAMINATIONS
– Every authority in a30[State]31[* * *] which grants any recognised dental or dental hygiene qualification shall furnish such information as the Council may from time to time require as to the courses of study and training and examinations to be undergone in order to obtain such qualification, as to the ages at which such courses of study and examinations are required to be undergone, and generally as to the requisites for obtaining such qualification.

SECTION 15: INSPECTIONS
(1) The Executive Committee32[may subject to regulations, if any, made by the Council appoint] such number of inspectors as it deems necessary to attend at any examina- tions held by authorities in the33[State]34[* *] which grant recognised dental or dental hygiene qualifications and to inspect any institution recognised as a training institution.
(2) Inspectors appointed under this section shall not interfere with the course of any examina- tion but they shall report to the Executive Committee on the sufficiency of every examination at which they attend and of the courses of study and training at every inslilulion which they inspect, and on any other matters with regard to which the Executive Committee may require them to report.
(3) The Executive Committee shall forward a copy of such report to the authority or institution concerned and shall also forward copies with remarks, if any, of the authority or institution concerned thereon to the Central Government or the33[State] in which the authority or institution is situated.

SECTION 15:A APPOINTMENT OF VISITORS
(1) The Council may appoint such number of Visitors as it may deem necessary to attend at any examination held by any authority or institution in a State which grants recognised dental qualifications and to inspect any institution training students for recognised dental qualifications.
(2) Any person, whether he is a member of the Council or not, may be appointed as a Visitor under this section, hut a person who is appointed as an Inspector undersection 15-for any inspection or examination shall not be appointed as a Visitor for the same inspection or examination.
(3) The Visitor shall not interfere with the course of any examination but shall report to the President of the Council on the sufficiency of every examination at which he attends and of the courses of study and training at every institution which he inspects and on the adequacy of the standards of dental education including staff, equipment, accommodation and other facilities prescribed for giving dental education, and on any other matters with regard to which the Council may require him to report.
(4) The report of a Visitor shall be treated as confidential unless in any particular case the President of the Council otherwise directs: Provided that if the Central Government requires a copy of the report of a Visitor, the Council shall furnish the same.]

SECTION 16: WITHDRAWAL OF RECOGNITION
(1) When upon report by the Executive Committee it appears to the Council-
(a) that the courses of study and training or the examinations to be undergone in order to obtain a recognised38 [* * *] dental hygiene qualification from any authority in a36[State]37[* *] or the conditions for admission to such courses or the standards of proficiency required from the candidates at such examinations are not in conformity with regulations made under this Act or fall short of the standards required thereby, or
(b) that an institution docs not satisfy the requirements of the Council, the Council may send to the Government of the36[State] in which the authority or institution is situated a statement to such effect, and the36 [State] Government shall forward it, along with such remarks as it may think fit, to the authority or institution concerned with an intimation of the period within which the authority or institution may submit its explanation to the36[State] Government.
(2) On receipt of the explanation, or where no explanation is submilted within the period fixed, then on the expiry of the period, the36[State] Government shall after consulting the36[State] Council, forward its recommendations and those of the36[State] Council, if any, to the Council.
(3) The Council, after considering the recommendations of the36[State] Government and the36 [State] Council and after such further inquiry, if any, as it may think fit to make, may declare that the qualification granted by the authority or institution shall be a recognised38[* *] dental hygiene qualification only when granted before a specified date.
(4) The Council may declare that any recognised38[* *] dental hygiene qualification granted outside the36[States]37[* *] shall be recognised as such only if granted before a specified date.

SECTION 16A: WITHDRAWAL OF RECOGNITION OF RECOGNISED DENTAL QUALIFICATION
(1) When, upon report by the Executive Committee or the Visitor, it appears to the Council-
(a) that the courses- of study and training or the examination to be undergone in order to obtain a recognized dental qualification from any authority or institution in a State, or the conditions for admission to such courses or the standards of proficiency required from the candidates at such examinations are not in conformity with the regulations made under this Act or fall short of the standards required thereby, or
(b) that an institution does not, in the matter of staff, equipment, accommodation, training and other facilities, satisfy the requirements of the Council, the Council shall send a statement to that effect to the Central Government.
(2) After considering such a statement, the Central Government may send it to the Govern- ment of the State in which the authority exercises power or the institution is situated, and the State Government shall forward it, along with such remarks as it may think fit to make, to the authority or institution concerned, with an intimation of the period within which the authority or institution may submit its explanation to the State Government.
(3) After considering the explanation, or where no explanation is submilted within the period fixed, then, on the expiry of that period, the State Government shall make its recommen- dations to the Central Government.
(4) The Central Government may, after considering the recommendations of the State Government and after making such further inquiry, if any, as it may think fit, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that an entry shall be made in Part I of the Schedule against the qualification granted by the authority or institution declaring that it shall be a recognised dental qualification only when granted before a specified date or that the said recognised dental qualification if granted to students of a specified college or institution affiliated to any University shall be a recognised dental qualificalion only when granted before a specified date or, as the case may be, that the said recognised dental qualification shall be a recognised dental qualificalion in relation to a specified college or institution affiliated to any University only when granted after a specified date.]

SECTION 17: MODE OF DECLARATIONS
– All declarations under40[* *]section 11-orsection 16-shall be made by a resolution passed at a meeting of the Council and shall forthwith he published in the Official Gazette.

SECTION 17A: PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT
(1) The Council may prescribe standards of professional conduct and etiquette or the code of ethics for dentists.
(2) Regulations made by the Council under sub-section (1) may specify which violations thereof shall constitute infamous conduct in any professional respect, that is to say, professional misconduct, and such provision shall have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law for the time being in force.]

SECTION 18: THE INDIAN REGISTER
(1) The Council shall maintain a register of dentists to be known as the Indian Dentists Register and consisting of lhe entries in all the42[State] registers of dentists.
(2) Each42[State] Council shall supply to the Council twenty printed copies of the42[State] register as soon as may be after the 1st day of April of each year, and each Register shall inform the Council without delay of all additions to and other amendments in the42[State] register.

SECTION 19: INFORMATION TO BE FURNISHED
(1) The Council shall furnish copies of its minutes and of the minutes of the Executive Committee and an annual report of its activities together with an avstract of its accounts to the Central Government.
(2) The Central Government may publish in such manner as it thinks fit any report, copy
or abstract furnished to it under this section.

SECTION 20: POWER TO MAKE REGULATIONS
(1) The Council may, with the approval of the Central Government,45[by notification in the Official Gazette] make regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act to carry out the purposes of this Chapter.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power such regula- tions may-
(a) provide for the management of the property of the Council44[* * * *]
(b) prescribe the manner in which elections under this Chapter shall be conducted;
(c) provide tor the summoning and holding of meeting of the Council and the Executive Committee, the times and places at which such meetings shall be held, the conduct of business thereat and the number of members necessary to constitute a quorum;
(d) prescribe the functions of the Executive Committee;
(e) prescribe the powers and duties of the President and Vice- President;
(f) prescribe the tenure of office and the powers and duties of the Secretary,45[and other officers and servants of the Council, and Inspectors, and Visitors appointed by the Council];
46[(fa) prescribe the form of the scheme, the particulars to be given in such scheme, the manner in which the scheme is lo be preferred and the fee payable with the scheme under clause (b) of sub-section (2) ofsection 10A-;
(fb) prescribe any other factors under clause (g) of sub -section (7) ofsection 10A-;
(fc) prescribe the criteria for identifying a student who has been granted a dental qualification referred to in the Explanation to sub-section (3) ofsection 10B-;]
(g) prescribe the standard curricula for the training of dentists and dental hygienists, and the conditions for admission to courses of such training;
(h) prescribe the standards of examinations and other requirements to be satisfied to secure for the qualifications recognition under this Act:
(i) any other matter which is to be or may be prescribed under this Act: Provided that regulations under clauses (g) and (h) shall be made after consultation with43[State] Governments.
(3) To enable the Council to be first constituted the Central Government may make regula- tions for the conduct of the elections to the Council, and any regulation so made may be altered or rescinded by the Council in exercise of its powers under this section.
48[(4) Every regulation made under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made.before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the regulation or both Houses agree that the regulation should not be made, the regulation shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect. as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that regulation.)
OBJECTS AND REASONS “To enable the Central Government to have some control in the making of regulations by the Dental Council of India, it has been provided that the regulation shall be made with the approval of the Central Government.”- S.C.R.

CHAPTER III
STATE DENTAL COUNCILS

SECTION 21: CONSTITUTION AND COMPOSITION OF ‘STATE COUNCILS
– Except where a Joint49[State] Council is constituted in accordance with an agreement made undersection 22-, the49[State] Government shall constitute a49[State] Council consisting of lhe following members, namely: –
(a) four members elected from among themselves by dentists registered in Part A of the49[State] register;
(b) four members elected from among themselves by dentists registered in Part B of the50[State] register;
50[(c) the heads of dental colleges, if any, in the49[State] which train students for any of the recognised dental qualifications included in Parl I of the Schedule, ex officio;]
(d) one member elected from amongst themselves by the members of the Medical Council or the Council of Medical Registration of the49[State] as the case may be;51[* *]
(e) three members nominated by the49[State] Government;51[and]
51[(f) the Chief Medical Officer of the State, by whatever name called, ex officio:] 52[Provided that in the State of Saurashtra53[as it existed before the 1st November 1956] the State Dental Council constituted under Saurashtra Ordinance XXV of 1948, as amended by Saurashtra Ordinance XL of 1949, shall be deemed to be the State Council constituted under this Act.]

SECTION 22: INTER-STATE AGREEMENTS
(1) Two or more54[State] Governments may enter into an agreement to be in force for such period and to be subject to renewal for such further periods. if any, as may be specified in the agreement, to provide-
(a) for the constitution of a Joint 54[State] Council for all the participating States, or
(b) for the54[State] Council of one54[State] to serve the needs of the other participating States.
(2) In addition to such matters as are in this Act specified, an agreement under this section may-
(a) provide for the apportionment between the participating 55[States] of the expenditure in connection with the State Council or Joint54[State] Council;
(b) determine which of the participating54[State] Governments shall exercise the several functions of the54[State] Government under this Act, and lhc references in this Act to the54[State] Government shall be construed accordingly;
(c) provide for consultation between the participating54[State] Governments either generally or with reference to particular matters arising under this Act;
(d) make such incidental and ancillary provisions, not inconsistent with this Act, as may be deemed necessary or expedient for giving effect to the agreement
(3) An agreement under this section shall be published in the Official Gazette of the
participating55[States].

SECTION 23: COMPOSITION OF JOINT STATE COUNCILS
A Joinl56[State] Council shall consist of the following members, namely: –
(a) two members elected from among themselves by dentists registered in Part A of the register of each of the participating56[States];
(b) two members elected from among themselves by dentists registered in Part B of the register of each of the participating56[States];
57[(c) the heads of dental colleges, if any, in all the participating States which train students for any of the recognised denial qualifications included in Part I of the Schedule, ex officio;]
(d) one member elelcted by the Medical Council or the Council of Medical Registration, of each participating State, as the case may be;
(e) two members nominated by each participating56[State] Government;
58[(f) the Chief Medical Officer of each participating State, by whatever name called, exofficio:]

SECTION 24: INCORPORATION OF STATE COUNCILS
– Every59[State] Council shall be a body corporate60by such name as may be notified by the59[State] Government in the Official Gazette or, in the case of a Joint59[State] Council, as may be determined in the agreement, having perpetual succession and a common seal with power to acquire and hold property, both movable and immovable, and shall by the said name sue and be sued.

SECTION 25: PRESIDENT AND VICE –PRESIDENT OF STATE COUNCIL
(1) The President and Vice-President of the61[State] Council shall be elected by the members from among themselves: Provided that for the five years from the first constitution of the61[State] Council, the President shall, if the61[State] Government so decides, be a person nominated by the61[State] Government who shall hold office during the pleasure of the61[State] Government, and where he is not already a member, shall be a member of the61[State] Council in addition to the members referred to insection 21-or23-, as the case may be.
(2) The President or Vice-President shall hold office as such for a term not exceeding five years and not extending beyond the expiry of his term as a member of the61[State] Council, but subject to his being a member of the61[State] Council, he shall be eligible for re-election.

SECTION 26: MODE OF ELECTIONS
– Elections under this Chapter shall be conducted in the prescribed manner, and where any dispute arises regarding any such election, it shall be referred to the62[State] Government whose decision shall be final.

SECTION 27: TERM OF OFFICE AND CASUAL VACANCIES
(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, an elected or nominated member shall hold office for a term of five years from the date of his election or nomination or until his successor has been duly elected or nominated whichever is longer.63[Provided that a member nominated under clause (e) ofsection 21-or clause (e) ofsection 23-, shall hold office during the pleasure of the authority nominating him.]
(2) An elected or nominated member may at any time resign his membership by writing under his hand addressed to the President, and the seat of such member shall thereupon become vacant.
(3) An elected or nominated member shall be deemed to have vacated his seal-
(a) if he is absent without excuse, sufficient in the opinion of the64[State] Council, from three consecutive ordinary meeting of the64[State] Council, or
(b) in the case of a member whose name is required to be included in any64[State] register, if his name is removed from the register, or
(c) where he has been elected under clause (d) ofsection 21-or under clause (d) ofSection 23 -. if he ceases to be a member of the Medical Council or the Council of Medical Registration of the64[State] as the case may be.
(4) A casual vacancy in the64[State] Council shall be filled by fresh election or nomination, as the case may be, and the person elected or nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office only for the remainder of the term for which the member whose place he takes was elected or nominated.
(5) Members of the64[State] Council shall be eligible for re-election or renomination.
(6) No act done by the64[State] Council shall be called in question on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of, the64[State] Council.

SECTION 28: STAFF REMUNERATION AND ALLOWANCES
(1) The65[State] Council may, with the previous sanction of the65[State] Government,-
(a) appoint a Registrar, who shall also act as Secretary and if so decided by the65[State] Council also as its Treasurer;
(b) appoint such other officers and servants as may be required to enable the65[State] Council to carry out its functions under this Act;
(c) require and take from the Registrar or from any other officer or servant such security for the due performance of his duties as the65[State]Council considers necessary;
(d) fix the salaries and allowances and other conditions of service of the Registrar and other officers and servants of the State Council;
(e) fix the rate of allowances payable to members of the State Council.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (a) of sub- section (1) for the first four years from the first constitution of the State Council, the Registrar of the State Council shall be a person appointed by the State Government who shall hold office during the pleasure of the State Government.

SECTION 29: EXECUTIVECOMMITTEE
(1) The67[State] Council shall constitute from among its members an Executive Committee consisting of the President and Vice-President ex officio66[and the Chief Medical Officer of the State or the States concerned by whatever name called, ex officio,] and such number of other members elected by the67[State] Council as may be prescribed.
(2) The President and Vice-President of the67[State] Council shall be Chairman and Vice- Chairman, respectively, of the Executive Committee.
(3) A member of the Executive Committee shall hold office as such until the expiry of his term of office as member of the67[State] Council, but subject to his being a member of the67[State] Council, he shall be eligible for re-election.
(4) The Executive Committee shall exercise and discharge such powers and duties as may be prescribed.

SECTION 30: INFORMATION TO BE FURNISHED
(1) The68[State] Council shall furnish such reports copies of its minutes and of the minutes of the Executive Committee, and abstracts of its accounts to the68[State] Government as the68[State] Government may from time to time require and shall forward copies of all material so furnished to the68[State] Government to the Council.
(2) The68[State] Government may publish in such manner as it thinks fit any report, copy or abstract furnished lo it under this section.

CHAPTER IV
REGISTRATION

SECTION 31: PREPARATION AND MAINTENANCE OF REGISTER
(1) The69[State] Government shall as soon as may be cause to be prepared in the manner
hereinafter provided a register of dentists for the69[State].
(2) The69[State] Council shall upon its constitution assume the duty of maintaining the register in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
(3) The register of dentists shall be maintained in two Parts A and B persons possessing
recognised dental qualifications being registered in Part A and persons not possessing such qualifications being registered in Part B.
(4) The register shall include the following particulars, namely.-
(a) the full name, nationality and residential address of the registered person;
(b) the date of his first admission to the register;
(c) his qualification for registration, and the date on which he obtained his degree or diploma in dentistry, if any, and the authority which conferred it;
(d) his professional address; and
(e) such further particulars as may be prescribed.

SECTION 32: FIRST PREPARATION OF REGISTER
(1) For the purpose of first preparing the register of dentists, the70[State] Government shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute a Registration Tribunal consisting of three persons and shall also appoint a Registrar who shall act as Secretary of the Tribunal.
(2) The70[State] Government shall, by the same or a like notification, appoint a date on or before which application for registration, which shall be accompanied by the prescribed fee, shall be made to the Registration Tribunal.
(3) The Registration Tribunal shall examine every application received on or before the appointed date, and if it is satisfied that the applicant is qualified for registration under section 33, shall direct the entry of the name of the applicant on the register.
(4) The register so prepared shall thereafter be published in such manner as the70[State] Government may direct, and any person aggrieved by a decision of the Registration Tribunal expressed or implied in the register as so published may within thirty days from the date of such publication, appeal to the authority appointed by the70[State] Government in this behalf by notification in the Official Gazette.
(5) The Registrar shall amend the register in accordance with the decisions of the authority appointed under sub-section (4) and shall thereupon issue to every person whose name is entered on the register a certificate of registration in the prescribed form.
(6) Upon the constitution of the70[State] Council the register shall be given into its custody. And the70[State] Government may direct that all or any specified part of the application fees for registration in the first register shall be paid to the credit of the70[State] Council.

SECTION 33: QUALIFICATIONS FOR ENTRY ON FIRST PREPARATION OF REGISTER
(1)A person shall be entitled on payment of the prescribed fee to have his name entered on the register when it is first prepared, if he resides carriers on the profession of dentistry in the72[State] and if he –
(a) holds a recognised dental qualification, or
(b) does not hold such a qualification but, being a71[citizen of India], has been engaged in practice as a dentist as his principal means of livelihood for a period of not less than five- years prior to73[the date appointed under sub -section (2) ofsection 32-]: Provided that no person other than a71[Citizen of India] shall be entitled to registration by virtue of a qualification-
(a) specified in Part I of the schedule unless by the law and practice of the State or country to which such person belongs persons of Indian origin holding dental qualifications registrable in that State or country are permitted to enter and practice the profession of dentistry in such State or country or
74[(b) recognised in pursuance of a scheme of reciprocity, under sub-section (5) ofsection 10-:] Provided further that a person shall be entitled to registration by virtue of a qualification specified in [Part II] of the Schedule only if he is a71 [citizen of India]: 74[Provided further that for the purpose of the first preparation of the register of dentists under this Act, a person shall be entitled to have his name entered in the appropriate part of the register without payment of any registration fee,-
(a) in the state of Saurashtra77[as it existed before the 1st November, 1956], if he is registered on the register of dental practitioners maintained under Saurashtra ordinance No. XXV of 1948, as amended by Saurashtra Ordinance No. XL of 1949; or
(b) in the State of Travancore-Cochin77[as it existed before the 1st November, 1956], if he is registered on the register of dental practitioners maintained under the Travancore Medical Practitioners Act, 1119;]78[or]
78[(c)in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, if he is registered on the register of dental prac- titioners maintained under the Jammu and Kashmir Dentists Act, 1958.]
(2) A person domiciled in a72 [State]79[* *] shall be entitled on payment of the prescribed fee to temporary registration as a dentist for a period of five years, if he has been engaged in practice as a dentist as his principal means of livelihood for a period of not less than two years during the five years prior to 80[the date appointed under sub-section (2) ofsection 32-], and a person so registered shall be entitled to permanent registration if81 [for a period of five years from the date of his temporary registration he has been engaged in practice as a dentists.]

SECTION 34: QUALIFICATION FOR SUBSEQUENT REGISTRATION
82[(1) After the-date appointed under sub-section (2) ofsection 32-a person shall, on payment of the prescribed fee, be entitled to have his name entered on the register of dentists, if he resides or carries on the profession of dentistry in the83 [State] and if he-
(i) holds a recognised denial qualification, or
(ii) does not hold such a qualification but, being a84[citizen of India], has been engaged in practice as a dentist as his principal means of livelihood for a period of not less than85[two years before the date appointed under sub -section (2) ofSection 32-] and has passed, within a period of86[ten years after the said date], an examination recognised for this purpose by the 87[Central Government]: Provided that no person other than a84 [citizen of India] shall be entitled to registration by virtue of a qualification:
(a) specified in part I of the Schedule unless by the law and practice of the State or country to which such person belongs persons of Indian origin holding dental qualifications registrable in that State or country are permitted to enter and practise the profession of dentistry in such State or country, or
88[(b) recognised in pursuance of a scheme of reciprocity, under sub -section (5) ofsection 10-:] Provided further that a person registered in part B of the register shall be entitled to be registered in Part A thereof, if within a period of 86[ten years after the date of his registration in Part B] he passes an examination recognized for the purpose by the89[Central Government].
90[(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1),-
(a) a91[State Council] may during the period of two years immediately after the commence- ment of the Dentists (Amendment) Act,92[1955], permit for sufficient reasons the registra- tion in the State register of any displaced person who does not hold a recognised dental qualification but has been actually practising the profession of dentistry as his principal means of livelihood from a date prior to the 29th day of March, 1948; Explanation.- In this clause “displaced person” means any person who, on account of the setting up of the Dominions of India and Pakistan or on account of civil disturbances or fear of such disturbances in any area now forming part of Pakistan has, after the 1st day of March 1947. left or been displaced from, his place of residence in such area and who has since then been residing in India;
93[(aa) the State Council may, during the period of two years immediately after the commence – ment of the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1972, permit, for sufficient reasons, the registra- tion in the State register of any displaced person or a repatriate who does not hold any recognised dental qualification but has been actually practising the profession of dentistry as his principal means of livelihood from a date prior to the 29th day of March, 1948. Explanation.- In this clause,
(i) “displaced person” means any person who on account of civil disturbances or fear of such disturbances in any area now forming part of Bangla Desh, has after the 14th day of April. 1957 but before the 25th day of March, 1971, left or has been displaced from, his place of residence in such area and who has since then been residing in India;
(ii) “repatriate” means any person who on account of civil disturbances or fear of such disturbances in any area now forming part of Burma or Ceylon, has after the 14th day of April, 1957, left or has been displaced from, his place of residence in such area and who has since then been residing in India;]
(b) a person other than a citizen of India holding a reputable dental qualification and employed for teaching or research in a dental institution situated in any of the States may be permitted94[* * * *] temporary registration in the State register of dentists for the period of his employment or for a period of five years, whichever is shorter: Provided that he does not practise the profession of dentistry for personal gain and his application for registration is approved by the President of the Council..]

SECTION 35: SCRUTINY OF APPLICATIONS FOR REGISTRATION
(1) After the date appointed for the receipt of applications for registration in the first register of dentists all applications for registration shall be addressed to the Registrar of the95[State] Council and shall be accompanied by the prescribed fee.
(2) If upon such application the Registrar is of opinion that the applicant is entitled to have his name entered on the register, he shall enter thereon the name of the applicant: Provided that no person, whose name has under the provisions of this Act been removed from the register of any95 [State] shall be entitled to have his name entered on the register except with the approval of the95 [State] Council from whose register his name was removed.
(3) Any person whose application for registration is rejected by the Registrar may, within three months from the date of such rejection, appeal to the95[State] Council, and the decision of the95 [State] Council thereon shall be final.
(4) Upon entry in the register of a name under this section, the Registrar shall issue a certificate of registration in the prescribed form.

SECTION 36: REGISTERS OF DENTAL HYGIENISTS AND DENTAL MECHANICS
(1) The96[State] Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, direct that the96[State] Council shall maintain a register of dental hygienists or a register of dental mechanics.
(2) The provisions of section 35 shall, so far as they may be made applicable, apply in respect of applications for registration in a register referred to in this section.

SECTION 37: QUALIFICATION FOR REGISTRATION AS A DENTAL HYGIENIST
A person shall be entitled on payment of the prescribed fee to have his name registered on the register of dental hygienistys, if he resides in the97[State] and holds a recognised denial hygiene qualification: Provided that for the purposes of the first register of dental hygientists, a person shall be entitled to be registered, if he has been engaged as a dental hygienist as his principal means of livelihood for a period of not less than two years prior to the date of notification under sub-section (1) of section 36.

SECTION 38: QUALIFICATION FOR REGISTRATION AS A DENTAL MECHANIC
– A person shall be entitled on payment of the prescribed fee to have his name entered in the register of dental mechanics, if he satisfies the prescribed requirements referred to insection 12-: Provided that for the purposes of the preparation of the first register of dental mechanics a person shall be entitled to be registered, if he has been engaged as a dental mechanic as his principal means of livelihood for a period of not less than two years prior to the date of notification under sub-section ( 1 ) ofsection 36-

SECTION 39: RENEWAL FEES
(1) The99[State] government may, by notification in the official Gazette, direct that for the retention of a name in a register after the 31st day of December of the year following the year in which the name is first entered in the register, there shall be paid annually to the99[State] Council such renewal fee as may be prescribed in respect of each register, and where such direction has been made, such renewal fee shall be due to be paid before the 1st day of April of the year to which it relates.
(2) Where a renewal fee is not paid before the due date, the Registrar shall remove the name of the defaulter from the register: Provided that a name so removed may be restored to the register on payment in such manner as may be prescribed.
98[(3) On payment of the renewal fee, the Registrar shall issue a certificate of renewal and such certificate shall be proof of renewal of registration.]

SECTION 40: ENTRY OF ADDITIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
– A registered dentists shall on payment of the prescribed fee be entitled to have entered in the register any further recognised100[dental] qualification which he may obtain.

SECTION 41: REMOVAL FROM REGISTER
(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, the103[State] Council may order that the name of any person shall be removed from any register where it is satisfied. after giving that person a reasonable opportunity of being heard and after such further inquiry, if any, as it may think fit to make, –
(i) that his name has been entered in the register by error or on account of misrepresentation or suppression of a material fact, or
(ii) that he has been convicted of any offence or has been guilty of any infamous conduct in any professional respect102[or has violated the standards of professional conduct and etiquette or the Code of ethics prescribed undersection 17A-] which in the opinion of the103[State] Council renders him unfit to be kept in the register,101[or]
101[(iii) that he having been permitted temporary registration under cl. (b) of sub-section (2) of section 34-has, on such registration, been found to practise the profession of dentistry for personal gain.]
(2) An order under sub-section (1) may direct that any person whose name is ordered to be removed from a register shall be ineligible for registration in the103[State] under this Act either permanently or for such period of years as may be specified.
(3) An order under sub-section (1) shall not take effect until the expiry of three months from the date thereof.
(4) A person aggrieved by an order under sub-section (1) may, within thirty days from the date thereof, appeal to the .103[State] Government, and the order of the103[State] Government upon such appeal shall be final.
(5) A person whose name has been removed from the register under this section or under subsection (2) ofsection 39-shall forthwith surrender his certificate of registration [and certificate of renewal, if any] to the Registrar, and the name so removed shall be published in the Official Gazelle.
101[(6) A person whose name has been removed from the State register of dentists under this section or under sub-section (2) ofsection 39-shall not be entitled to have his name registered in the register of dentists in any other State register of dentists except with the approval of the State Council from whose register his name has been removed.]

SECTION 42: RESTORATION TO REGISTER
– The104[State] Council may at any time for reasons appearing to it sufficient and subject to the approval of the104[State] Government, order that upon payment of the prescribed fee the name of a person removed from a register shall be restored thereto.

SECTION 43: BAR OF JURISDICTION
– No order refusing to enter a name in a register or removing a name from a register shall be called in question in any Court.

SECTION 44: ISSUE OF DUPLICATE CERTIFICATES
– Where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Registrar that a certificate of registration105[or a certificate of renewal] has been lost or destroyed, the Registrar may, on payment of the prescribed fee, issue a duplicate certificate in the prescribed form.

SECTION 45: PRINTING OF REGISTERS
– As soon as may be after the 1st day of April in each year the Registrar shall cause to be printed copies of the registers as they stood on the said date and such copies shall be made available to persons applying therefor on payment of the prescribed charge, and shall be evidence that on the said date the persons whose names are entered therein were registered dentists, registered dental hygienists or registered dental mechanics, as the case may be.

SECTION 46: EFFECT OF REGISTRATION
(1) Any reference in any other law to a person recognised by law as a dentist shall be deemed to be a reference to a dentist registered under this Act.
(2) No certificate required by or under any other law from a dentist shall be valid unless the person signing it is registered as a denist under this Act.
(3) After the expiry of106[three years] from107[the date appointed under sub-section (2) ofsection 32-], a person who is not registered in Part A of the111[State] register of dentists shall not, except with the sanction of108[the Central Government or the State Government] hold any appointment as dentist in any dispensary, hospital or other institution109[**] which is supported wholly or partially from public or local funds: Provided that the provisions of this sub-section shall not apply to any such person who is holding such an appointment110[immediately before the said date.]
(4) After the expiry of two years from the publication of a register of dental hygienists in a111 [State], no person whose name is not entered in that register shall hold appointment as dental hygienist in any dispensary, hospital or other institution in the111[State], which is supported wholly or partially from public or local funds.
(5) Any person who is registered dentist, registered dental hygienist or registered dental mechanic in a111[State] may practise as such in any other111[State].
OBJECTS AND REASONS Amendment made in 1950 – “Under the Dentists Act, 1948, which came into force on the 29th March. 1948. no person, who has not been registered in Part A of the register, could hold certain post or practise dentistry after the 28th March, 1950. As the preparation of the first registers under that Act could not be completed within the stipulated period of two years, it became necessary to extend the time limit mentioned in sections 46 (3) and 49 (1) by one year. The Dentists (Extension of time) Ordinance,1950(16 of 1950), was promulgated on the 29th May, 1950, to achieve this object and also to validate certain appointments held by non-registered persons. It is necessary to replace the provisions of that Ordinance by an Act of Parliament.” – S.O.R. Gaz.. of Ind., 1950. Pt. II-S. 2. page 302.

SECTION 46A: TRANSFER OF REGISTRATION
– Where a dentist registered in one State is practising dentistry in another State, he may, on payment of the prescribed fee which shall not exceed the renewal fee for registration in such other State, make an application in lhe prescribed form to the Council for the transfer of his name, from the register of the State where he is registered, to the register of the State in which he is practising dentistry, and on receipt of any such application, the Council shall, notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Act, direct that the name of such person be removed from the first mentioned register and entered in the register of the second mentioned State and the State Councils concerned shall comply with such directions: Provided that such a person shall be required to produce a certificate to the effect all dues in respect of his registration in the former State have been paid; Provided further that where any such application for transfer is made by a dentist against whom any disciplinary proceeding is pending or where for any other reason it appears to the Council that the application for transfer has not been made bona fide and the transfer should not be made, the Council may, after giving the dentist a reasonable opportunity of making a representation in this behalf, reject the application]

CHAPTER V
MISCELLANEOUS

SECTION 47: PENALTY FOR FALSELY CLAIMING TO BE REGISTERED
– If any person whose name is not for the time being entered in a register falsely represents that it is so entered or uses in connection with his name or title any words or letters reasonably calculated to suggests that his name is so entered. he shall be punishable on first conviction with fine which may extend to five hundred ruppes, and on any subsequent conviction with imprisonment which may extend to six months or with fine not exceeding one thousand rupees or with both.

SECTION 48: MISUSE OF TITLES
– If any person-
(a) not being a person registered in a register of dentists, takes or uses, the description or dental practitioner, dental surgeon, surgeon dentist, or dentist, or
(b) not being a person whose name is entered on a register of dental hygienists, takes or uses in a114[State] where such register has been published, the title of dental hygienist, or
(c) not being a person whose name is entered on a register of dental mechanics, takes or uses in a114[State] where such register has been published, the title of dental mechanic,113[or]
113[(d) not possessing a recognised dental qualification, uses a degree or a diploma or an abbreviation indicating or implying a dental qualification]. he shall be punishable on first conviction with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees. and on any subsequent conviction with imprisonment which may extend to six months or with fine not exceeding one thousand rupees or with both.

SECTION 49: PRACTICE BY UNREGISTERED PERSONS
(1) After the expiry of115[three years] from116[the date appointed117under sub-section (2) ofsection 32-] in the case of dentists, and in the118[States] where register of dental hygienists or dental mechanics has been prepared undersection 36-from such date as may be specified in this behalf by the118[State] Government by notification in the Official Gazette, in the case of dental hygienists or dental mechanics, no person, other than a registered dentist, registered dental hygienist or registered dental mechanic, shall practice dentistry or the art of scaling, cleaning or polishing teeth, or of making or repairing dentures and dental appliances, as the case may be, or indicate in any way that he is prepared to so practise: Provided that the provisions of this section shall not apply to –
(a) practise of dentistry by a registered medical practitioner;
(b) the extraction of a tooth by any person when the case is urgent and no registered dentist is available so. however, that the operation is performed without the use of any general or local anaesthetic;
(c) the performance of dental work or radiographic work in any hospital or dispensary maintained or supported from public or local funds.
(2) If any person contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1), he shall be punishable on first conviction with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, and on any subsequent conviction with imprisonment which may extend to six months or with fine not exceeding one thousand rupees or with both.
OBJECTS AND REASONS See underSection 46-

SECTION 50: FAILURE TO SURRENDER CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION
If any person whose name has been removed from a register fails without sufficient cause forthwith to surrender his certificate of registration119[or certificate of renewal, or both] he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to fifty rupees per month of such failure and in the case of a continuing offence with an additional fine which may extend to two rupees per day after the first day during which the offence continues.

SECTION 51: COMPANIES NOT TO ENGAGE IN DENTISTRY
(1) Except as hereinafter provided, the profession of dentistry shall not be carried on by a
company or other corporate body.
(2) The provisions of sub-section (1) shall not apply to –
(a) a company or other corporate body which carries on no business other than the profession of dentistry or some business ancillary to the profession of dentistry and of which the majority of the directors and all the operating staff are registered dentists;
(b) the carrying on the profession of dentistry by employers who provide dental treatment for their employees by registered dentists otherwise than for profit;
(c) the carrying on of the profession of dentistry by any hospital or dispensary or institution for the training of dentists or dental hygienists or by any local authority or other body authorised or required by law to provide dental treatment : Provided that any company or other corporate body carrying on the profession of dentistry 120[immediately before the date appointed under sub-section (2) ofSection 32-] may continue so to do until the expiry of three years from such date.
(3) If any person contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1), he shall be punishable with fine which may extend, on first conviction to five hundred rupees, or on any subsequent conviction with imprisonment which may extend to six months or with fine not exceeding one thousand rupees or with both.

SECTION 52: COGNIZANCE OF OFFENCES
– No Court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under this Act except upon complaint made by order of the121[State] Government or the121[State] Council.

SECTION 53A: ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT
(1) The Council shall maintain appropriate accounts and other relevant records and prepare an annual statement of accounts including the balance-sheet, in accordance with such general directions as may be issued and in such form as may be specified by the Central Government in consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
(2) The accounts of the Council shall be audited annually by the Comptroller and Auditor- General of India or any person appointed by him in this behalf and any expenditure incurred by him or any person so appointed in connection with such audit shall be payable by the Council to the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
(3) Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and any person appointed by him in connec- tion with the audit of the accounts of the Council shall have the same rights and privileges and authority in connection with such audit as the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India has in connection with the audit of Government accounts and in particular, shall have the right to demand the production of books of accounts, connected vouchers and olhcr documents and papers and to inspect the office of the Council.
(4) The accounts of the Council as certified by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India or any person appointed by him in this behalf, together with the audit report thereon, shall be forwarded annually to the Central Government.
(5) A copy of the accounts of the Council as so certified together with the audit report thereon shall be forwarded simultaneously to the Council.)

SECTION 54: APPOINTMENT OF COMMISSION OF ENQUIRY
(1) Whenever it appears to the Central Government that the Council is not complying with any of the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may appoint a Commission of Enquiry consisting of three persons, two of whom shall be appointed by the Central Government, one being the Judge of a High Court, and one by the Council; and refer to it the matters on which the enquiry is to be made.
(2) The Commission shall proceed to enquire in a summary manner and report to the Central Government on the matters referred to it together wilh such remedies, if any, as the Commission may like to recommend.
(3) The Central Government may accept the report or remit the same to the Commission for modification or reconsideration.
(4) After the report is finally accepted, the Central Government may order the Council to adopt the remedies so recommended within such time as may be specified in the order and if the Council fails to comply within the time so specified, the Central Government may pass such order or take such action as may be necessary to give effect to the recommendations of the Commission.
(5) Whenever it appears to the123[State] Government that the123[State] Council is not complying with any of the provisions of this Act, the123[State] Government may likewise appoint a similar Commission of Enquiry in respect of the123[State] Council to make enquiry in like manner and pass such order or take such action as specified in sub-sections (3) and (4).

SECTION 55: POWERS TO MAKE RULES
(1) The124[State] Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of Chapters III, IV and V.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for –
(a) the management of the property of the124[State] Council, and the maintenance and audit of its accounts;
(b) the manner in which elections under Chapter III shall be conducted;
(c) the summoning and holding of meetings of the124[State] Council, the times and places at which such meetings shall be held, the conduct of business thereat and the number of members necessary to form a quorum;
(d) the powers and duties of the President and Vice-President of the 124[State] Council;
(e) the constitution and functions of the Executive Committee, the summoning and holding of meetings thereof, the times and places at which such meetings shall be held, the number of members necessary to constitute a quorum;
(f) the term of office and the powers and duties of the Registrar and other officers and servants of the124[State] Council, including the amount and nature of the security to be given by the Treasurer.
(g) the particulars to be stated, and the proof of qualifications to be given in applications for registration under this Act;
127[(gg) the form of application for transfer of registration from one State to another;]
128[(h) the charge for supplying printed copies of the registers, and the fees payable for –
(i) registration or renewal of registration;
(ii) supplying a duplicate certificate of registration or renewal; and
(iii) transfer of registration from one State to another;]
128[(i) the forms of certificates of registration and renewal;]
(j) any other matter126which is to be or may be prescribed under Chapters III, IV and V except sub-sections (1), (2), (3) and (4) ofsection 54-.
129[(3) Every rule made by the State Government under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before the State Legislature.]

Footnotes:
3. Words “except the State of Jammu and Kashmir” omitted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972) S. 2 (1-11-72).
4. Inserted by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955),.Section 3 (15-4-1955).
5. Substituted for the words “Indian Medical Council Act, 1933” by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972) S.3 (1-l1-72).
6. Substituted for the word “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
7. Substituted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972) S 3 (1-11-72)
8. Cl. (m) omitted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972). S.3 (1-11- 72).
10. Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
11. Cl. (c) substituted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972). S.5 (1-11-72).
12. Substituted lor the words “each Part A State and Part B State other than the State of Jammu and Kashmir” by 3 A.L.O., 1956.
13. Words “other than the State of Jammu and Kashmir or a union territory” omitted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972). S. 5 (1-11-72).
14. Explanation inserted, Words “other than the State of Jammu and Kashmir or a union territory” omitted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972). S. 5 (1-11-72)..
15. Substituted for ” Part C State”, by 3 A.L.O., 1956.
16. Inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (12 of 1955), Section 4.
17. Proviso inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972), S. 6 (1-11-72).
18. Substituted for the word ” Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
19. Substituted for words “Principal or Vice-Principal” and “a professor of dental surgery”, by Dentists (Amend- ment) Act (12 of 1972). S.6 (1-11-1972)
20. Substituted for words ” If he ceases to hold his appointment as head of a college” by the Dentists (Amendment ) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S.5 (15-4-1955).
21. Substituted for the words “the Medical Faculty”, ” If he ceases to hold his appointment as head of a college” by the Dentists (Amendment ) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S.5 (15-4-1955).
22. Inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972). S.7 (1-11-72)
25. Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
26. The words “of India” were omitted, Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
27. Such qualification granted by the Dental Wing, Armed Forces Medical College, Poona, the Dental College, Trivendrum and the Dental College and Hospital, lucknow and M.D.S. degrees of Bangalore and lucknow Universities have been so recognised – See Gaz. of Ind., 1963. Pt. III, S. 4. p. 733 and Gaz. of Ind., 1970. Pt. III. S. 4. p. 14.
28. Substituted for the word “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
29. Substituted for the word ‘Province’ by A.L.O., 1950.
30. Substituted for the word ‘Province’ by A.L.O.. 1950
31. The words “of India” were omitted, Substituted for the word ‘Province’ by A.L.O.. 1950.
32. Substituted for words “may appoint” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S. 6 (16-4-1955).
33. Substituted for the word ‘Province’ by A.L.O., 1950.
34. Words ‘of India’ were omitted, Substituted for the word ‘Province’ by A.L.O., 1950.
36. Substituted for the word ‘Province’ by A.L.O. 1950.
37. The words “of India” were omitted, Substituted for the word ‘Province’ by A.L.O. 1950.
38. Words “dental or” omitted by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972) S. 10(1-11-72).
40. Words and figure “section 10” omitted by Dentists (Amendment) Acl(42 of 1972) S. 12 ( 1-11-72).
42. Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
45. Substituted for words “Inspectors and other officers and servants of the Council”, by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972.)
49. Substituted for ‘Province’ or ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
50. Substituted for original clause (c) by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12of 1955). S. 7(16-4-1955).
51. Word “and” at the end of cl. (d) omitted and inserted at the end of cl.(e).cl. (f) inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972) S. 15 (a) (b) and (c) respectively (1-1 1-1972).
52. This Proviso was inserted Word “and” at the end of cl. (d) omitted and inserted at the end of cl.(e).cl. (f) inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972) S. 15 (a) (b) and (c) respectively (1-1 1-1972). The original Proviso was omitted by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1950 (58 of 1950). S. 2 (w.e.f. 1-11.1950), Saurashtra is in Gujarat now.
53. Inserted by 3 A.L.O., 1956.
54. Substituted for the words ‘Province’ or ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
55. Substituted for the word “Provinces” by A.L.O., 1950.
56. Substituted for the words ‘Provincial’ or ‘Provinces’ by A.L.O., 1950.
57. Substituted for the original clause (c) by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S.8 (15-4-1955).
58. Cl. (f) inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972) S. 16(1-11-72).
59. Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
60. For reconstitution of the Bombay State Dental Council with effect from 15-11-1961, see the Bombay State Dental Council (Reconstitution and Reorganization) Order, 1961, Gaz. of Ind., 11-11-1961. Pt. II, S.3 (i). Ext., P.531.
61. Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
62. Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
63. Inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act, (42 of 1972) S. 17 (1-11-72).
64. Substituted for the words “Province” and “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
65. Substituted for the words “Province” or “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
66. Inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972) S. 18(1-11-72).
67. Substituted for the words “Province” or “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
68. Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O. 1950
69. Substituted for the words “Province” or “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
70. Substituted for the word “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
71. Substituted for the words “British subject of Indian domicile” by A.L.O.,1950.
72. Substituted for the word “Province” by Substituted for the words “British subject of Indian domicile” by A.L.O.,1950.
73. Substituted for “the commencement of this Act” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act. l955 (12 of 1955): S. 9 (15-4-1955).
74. Clause (b) of Proviso substituted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972) S. 19 (1-11-72).
77. Inserted by 3 A.L.O., 1956
78. Word ‘or’ inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972). S. 19 (1-11-72).
79. The words “of India” were omitted by A.L.O., 1950.
80. Substituted for “the date of the commencement of this Act” by Act 12 of 1955, S. 9 (15-4-1955).
81. Substituted for “within a period of five years after that date he passes an examination which satisfies the requirements of the Council.” Substituted for “the date of the commencement of this Act” by Act 12 of 1955, S. 9 (15-4-1955).
82. Section 34 was renumbered as sub-section (1) of that section by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S. 10(15-4-1955).
83. Substituted for the word ‘Province’ by A.L.O. 1950
84. Substituted for “British subject of Indian domicile” by A.L.O., 1950.
85. Substituted for “two years before the commencement of this Act” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S. 10 (15-4-1955).
86. Substituted for “five years after the commencement of this Act”, Substituted for “two years before the commencement of this Act” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S. 10 (15-4-1955).
87. Substituted for the word ‘Council’ by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972). S. 20 (1-11-72).
88. Substituted, Substituted for the word ‘Council’ by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972). S. 20 (1-11-72).
89. Substituted for “five years”, Substituted, Substituted for the word ‘Council’ by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972). S. 20 (1-11-72).
90. Inserted, Substituted for “five years”, Substituted, Substituted for the word ‘Council’ by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972). S. 20 (1-11-72).
91. Substituted for words “State Dental Council” by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972). S. 20 (1-11-72).
92. Substituted for” 1954″ by the Repeating and Amendment Act, 1957 (36 of 1957). S. 3 and Sch. II (17-9-1957).
93. Inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972). S.20(1-11-72).
94. Words “irrespective of any considerations of reciprocity”, omitted Inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972). S.20(1-11-72).
95. Substituted for the words “Province” or “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
96. Substituted for the word “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
97. Substituted for the word “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
98. Sub-section (3) substituted by Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972), S. 21 (1-1 1-72).
99. Substituted for the word “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
100. Inserted by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955), S. 11 (16-4-1955).
101. Inserted by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S. 12 (16-4-1955)
102. Inserted by the Dentists (Amendment) Act(42 of 1972) S. 22(1-11- 72).
103. Substituted for the words “Province” of “Provincial” by A.L.O, 1950.
104. Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O., 1950.
105. Inserted by Act 42 of 1972. S. 23 (1-11-72).
106. Substituted and deemed always to have been substituted for “two years”, by the Dentists (Amendment) Act 1950 (58 of 1950), S. 3. Section 5 of the amending Act provides that : “No appointments held by a person as a dentist between the 29th day of March 1950 and the 30th day of May. 1950 shall be invalid merely because such appointment has been held in contravention of the provisions of sub-section (3) of Section 46 of the said Act as originally enacted”.
107. Substituted for the words “the commencement of this Act” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S. 13 (15-4-1955).
108. Substituted for “the State Government”, Substituted for the words “the commencement of this Act” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S. 13 (15-4-1955).
109. The words “in the State” were omitted, Substituted for “the State Government”, Substituted for the words “the commencement of this Act” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S. 13 (15-4-1955).
110. Substituted for the words “at the commencement of this Act”, The words “in the State” were omitted, Substituted for “the State Government”, Substituted for the words “the commencement of this Act” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). S. 13 (15-4-1955).
111. Substituted by the word “Provincial” by A.L.O., 1950.
113. Inserted by the Dentists (Amendment) Act (12 of 1955). 114. Substituted for the word “Province” by A.L.O. 1950.
115. Substituted and deemed always to have been substituted for the words “two years” by the Dentists (Amend- ment) Act, 1951) (58 of 1950). Section 3. Section 6 of this amending Act provides that: “No proceedings shall be commenced or continued against any person under sub-section (2) of section 49 of the said Act for having contravened berween the 29th day of March 1950 and 291 h day of May. 1950 the provisions of Slih-seclion ( I ) ot the said section as originally enacted.”
116. Substituted for the words “the commencement of this Act” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 (12 of 1955). .Section 15(15-4-1955).
117. Date so appointed in the State of Kerala is 28-2-1975-See Ker. Gaz. 28-2-75, Extra No. 108.
118. Substituted for the words “Provinces” or “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
119. Inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972). S. 25 (1-11-72).
120. Substituted for the words “at the date of the commencement of the Act” by the Dentists (Amendment) Act, 1955 ( 12 of 1955), Section 16 (16-4-1955).
121. Substituted for the word ‘Provincial’ by A.L.O. 1950.
123. Substituted for the word “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950.
124. Substituted for the word “Provincial” by A.L.O. 1950
126. For Dentists (Ethical Conduct) (Maharashtra) Rules, 1965. see Maharashtra Govt. Gazette, 25-4-1969, Pt. IV.A, p. 292: For Kerala Dental Council Employees (Control & Appeal) Rules, 1975, see Ker Gaz.. 11-11-1975. Pt. I No. 44. G. 1956.
127. Inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972), S. 27 (1- 11-72).
128. Cls(h) and (i) substituted, Inserted by Dentists (Amendment) Act (42 of 1972), S. 27 (1- 11-72).
129. Inserted by the Delegated Legislation (Amendment) Act, 1985 [4 of 1986). S. 2, Sch. Entry 22(2) (15-5-86).

OFFICE TIMINGS
Monday to Saturday 10:00 am to 06:00 pm.
Sundays and Holidays Reserved for urgent & prior appointments.

Related Bare Acts