Tort Lawyers in Dehradun

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  • Tort-Lawyers-in-Dehradun

    Region of Practice

    • High Court for the State of Uttarakhand, Nainital
    • District and Sessions Judge, Dehradun
    • Civil Courts, Dehradun

    Legal Advice & Consultation

    • Strictly by appointment.
    • For appointment reservation, call +91-7710777770, or fill the form given below.
    • Available methods:
      1. In-person 2. Email 3. Telephonic

    Lawyers with over 38 years of standing and thousands of rightly resolved matters. START CONSULTING:

    Tort & Personal Injury Lawyers in Dehradun

    The law of torts deals with matters of pecuniary compensation for injuries to person and property and co-relates wrongful act to the harm which it causes. Some kinds of harm call for liability independent of one’s fault, while other kinds create liability only for intentional and negligent wrongdoing, therefore the law of torts exhibits different scales of evaluation at different levels. Ordinarily, the law of torts shifts the loss from the ‘victim’ to the inflicting person, however, at times, a third party is roped in to shoulder the liability. Eg. social insurance for inevitable incidents of modern social living such as road accidents and accidents in industrial establishments etc. Our expert tort lawyers in Dehradun are masters in presenting the rightfull tortious claims.

    Any act of omission or commission causing damage to a legally protected interest of an individual is a tort. The remedy for which is an action for unliquidated damages. Tort is generally a breach of duty. In India, the law of torts is uncodified and is still in the process of development. In the meantime, the law of torts in India derives its spirit from the precedents of natural justice, both – national and international.


    Difference between Tort & Crime:

    Tort is redressed by compensation and not by punishment or fine.

    The same wrong can be a tort as well as a crime concurrently.

    Tort differs from breach of contract, as in a contract, the rights and duties arise from the agreement and are enforceable against the parties concerned and a breach may be redressed by liquidated damages. A tort, on the other hand, arises from a breach of duty and is redressible by a suit for unliquidated damages.

    There are four elements to the law of torts:

    • Duty,
    • Breach of duty
    • Causation, and
    • Injury.

    In order to claim damages, there must be a breach of the duty by the defendants towards the plaintiff, which results in an injury.

    Three main types of torts are:

    • Negligence
    • strict liability, and
    • intentional torts.

    Principles of Torts

    • Damnum Sine Injuria and Injuria Sine Damnum

    Damnum sine injuria means damage without legal injury. Meaning that the plaintiff must prove that he has sustained a legal injury in order to make someone liable in tort. Without an infringement of a legal right, no action lies in against the defendant.

    Injuria sine damnum means legal injury without any damage. This means that there is an infringement of legal rights but no actual loss has taken place. Right to sue is available against the wrongdoer irrespective of the fact whether any actual loss is sustained or not.

    • Vicarious Liability

    Every person is responsible for his own act of omission and commission but, sometimes a person can be made liable for the actions of others – vicarious liability. Essential elements are:

    1. Must have a relationship of some kind.
    2. The wrongful act must be related to the relationship in a certain way.
    3. The wrongful act must be done within the course of employment.

    Lability of a master for the act of his servant during the course of the employment is based on the principle of “respondent superior”, whereby, a person is held responsible for the act of his subordinate and if he does an act through his servant then he is deemed to be liable himself. Same principles are followed in the principal-agent relationship.

    • Volenti Non-Fit Injuria

    This maxim means “to one who volunteers, no harm is done”. This further means that if a person after knowing all the risks and the facts of a circumstance, willingly and voluntarily consents, then later cannot ask for compensation for the resulted injury. Law of torts uses this as a defense and saving the defendant from all kinds of liability. Essentials:

    1. Voluntary Agreement (express or implied)
    2. Knowledge of the risk

    When a person commits a breach of duty by ‘failing to perform’ and results in causing ‘legal damage’. In other words, the irresponsibility of one person causes injury to another. The tort of negligence is based on the principle of ‘Reasonable foreseeability’, which means, before or at the time of doing the act, if a person can reasonably foresee that due to his act a damage could be caused to another person, yet, he continues to do so, he is said to have committed a tort of negligence.

    • Personal Security

    ASSAULT- An act that creates a reasonable apprehension in the mind of a person about a physical threat or harm accompanied by the capacity to do so. There is:

    1. Apprehension of harm
    2. Intention to use force
    3. Capacity to use force

    BATTERY– an act of harmful, offensive and unlawful touching of a person against his will. It is an accomplished assault. There is:

    1. Intention to use physical for
    2. Actual physical contact

    FALSE IMPRISONMENT- This means intentionally restricting/ imprisoning a person by someone who does not have a legal authority to do so. Arresting a person without any legal warrant and authority. There is:

    1. Wilful detention
    2. Detention without consent
    3. Detention is unlawful
    • Principle of Nuisance

    Nuisance means ‘to hurt’ or ‘to annoy’. Any unlawful interference with a person’s interest in land or some rights results in nuisance. Remedies: Damages, Injunction, Abatement. There are two types of nuisance:

    1. PUBLIC NUISANCE: This is committed against the community at large,
    2. PRIVATE NUISANCE: This is committed against an individual.
    • Principle of Trespass to Property

    This refers to an unjustifiable physical encroachment of land of one person by another. If any person enters the land of another person without permission or remains upon that land or places an object on that land, he is said to have committed the tort of trespass to land. Remedies: Damages, Injunction.

    • Principles of Reputation and Privacy

    DEFAMATION – this means publishing false and defamatory statement about someone without any lawful justification. This action would then result in lowering the reputation in the eyes of the society. Such an act should be done intentionally, either written or spoken which harms a person’s reputation. There are two types of defamation:

    1. LIBEL- This is a written form of defamation, must be in a printed form like cartoons, recordings etc.
    2. SLANDER- this is an oral form of defamation, made my spoken words or gestures.

    Essential elements:

    1. Statement must be published
    2. It must be defamatory
    3. must refer to the plaintiff
    4. that statement is false
    • Principle of Strict Liability and Absolute Liability

    STRICT LIABILITY- sometimes a person is held responsible for doing wrong without he being negligent or having any intention of that wrong. He is still held responsible for his wrong act even if he has taken necessary steps to prevent that act. This is the principle of strict liability. ABSOLUTE LIABILITY- It is a no-fault theory liability i.e. a wrongdoer is considered absolutely liable for the act of omission or commission. Such a liability is valid only to those people who are involved in a hazardous or inherently dangerous activity.

    Accountability of Minors in Law of Tort:

    Under the tort law, a minor (below 18 years) can sue like an adult but through his parents and can also be sued like adults if they are old enough to form an intention.

    We do not have a codified, specific law related to torts in India. In the absence of which, Specific Relief Act 1963 takes care of civil wrongs and suitable reliefs of injunctions, specific performance of contracts, cancellation of contracts etc. are secured under the same through a civil suit in the appropriate forum at the district level. Our tort lawyers in Dehradun can be contacted for effective and efficient resolution in matters of torts and personal injury cases.

    Golden Rules

    • Things to do at B&B
    • Things NOT to do at B&B

    **We deject un-ethical and immoral practices, and reserve our rights of extending legal services only to a select clientele which exhibits civility, faith in law, sound moral footing, and good conscience. Our legal counsels defend the ones who have falsely been implicated, and prosecute for those who have actually been victimized – in either case, our counsels reserve their right of exercising discretion in accepting or rejecting a brief/ lawsuit.

    Public Dealing and Work Timings
    Mon – Fri: 10:00am to 6:00pm
    Saturday & Sunday: on prior and special request, depending on availability.
    Office Address
    A-14, Pinnacle Residency, Rajpur Road, Dehradun
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