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International law, popularly called public international law or the law of nations, is enshrined in the form of various conventions, treaties, standards, and covenants. These treaties and conventions together govern the interrelations of the sovereign states. The term was coined by the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham (1748 -1832) which is a collection of rules and norms governing relations between States. There are many international organizations such as the United Nations, World Trade Organization, World Health Organization, Common Wealth Organization, etc., play a major role in inviting states to agree on basic standards of international conduct. Upon mutual agreement, the States are under an obligation to implement domestic legislation in order to comply with international principles they agree upon. International law all the whole is an independent system of law that exists exclusive to the legal system of particular States. The public international law is a system that finds its applicability by way of reciprocity or with a sense of self-interest of the various sovereign States. States that violate international rules suffer a decline in their credibility and may prejudice them in maintaining future relations with other States.
Treaties are the written instruments in which Sovereign States agree to adhere by the terms so negotiated. Treaties are known by various terms such as- conventions, agreements, pacts, general acts, charters, and covenants, etc. Treaties may be bilateral or multilateral in nature. Treaty to be binding on the State it must be signed as well as ratified by the State.
International customs having general practice over a prolonged period of time have been accepted as law as a second source of international law. Custom, in order to be accepted as International Law must possess two fundamental elements: the actual practice of states over a period of time and the acceptance of the same as law by the states. The actual practice of states in order to have that binding nature must have gone through various elements such as- the duration, consistency, repetition, and generality of a particular kind of behaviour by states.
A third source of international law has been identified by the Statute of the International Court of Justice is “the general principles of law recognized by civilized nations.” These principles are those which are not subject to any treaty or custom but at the same time they do provide a mechanism to address and resolve the international issues. Perhaps the most important principles of international law are good faith and equity.
Article 38 (1) of the ICJ’s statute has also recognized judicial decisions and scholarly writings as the subsidiary means for the determination of the law. Both municipal and international judicial decisions can serve to establish new principles and rules governing the relations of the world community.
Public International Law operates at the international level and is restricted to international level only it has no say at the domestic level. But at the same time municipal law cannot override the international law, i.e. municipal law cannot justify the violation of international law. International law is more of a recommendatory in nature; it lacks binding nature as that of municipal law.
B&B Associates LLP extends its remarkable legal services through a team of seasoned lawyers with over 38 years of experience in the field of law. As a well recognised law firm, B&B delivers impeccable legal services through its team of lawyers profound specialists in their respective fields and well-versed with the rules that govern the public international law that covers a wide range of activities such as diplomatic relations, trades, human rights, war, and sharing of resources.
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B&B Associates LLP is a full service law firm that has been working as one door-stop in providing various legal services in today’s globalised commercial environment. The firm prefers a proactive approach for its clients and extends responsible dealings to them. The team works closely with clients with an unbiased, unprejudiced & dedicated support system. B&B with its expertise and experience of more than 35+ years across various sectors and practice areas and aims at developing synergetic relationships with its clients.
While all the above-named counsels are well-versed in International law and procedure, the above names are arranged in seniority of their position in the firm.
**We deject un-ethical and immoral practices, and reserve our rights of extending legal services only to a select clientele which exhibits civility, faith in law, sound moral footing, and good conscience. Our legal counsels defend the ones who have falsely been implicated, and prosecute for those who have actually been victimized – in either case, our counsels reserve their right of exercising discretion in accepting or rejecting a brief/ lawsuit
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Mon – Fri: 10:00am to 6:00pm
Saturday & Sunday: on prior and special request, depending on availability.
International Law is a body of rules established by custom or treaty recognized by nations as binding in their relations with one another.
Sovereign State means a state with a defined territory and administers its own government and is not subject to or dependent on any external power.
The main role of public international law is to promote and maintain global peace and prosperity.
No, these are not binding just recommendations in nature.
Arbitration is one mode of peaceful settlement of disputes between the Sovereign States.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) which is the judicial branch of the United Nations settles legal disputes between States. However, the International Court of Justice is not considered a ‘world court’ in a broad sense.
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